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Visual Arts

Liaison Librarian

Profile Photo
Jessi Robinson
Office: Room 1132
Schmon Tower

History of Photography

Muybridge, Eadweard. 1878. Galloping horse (Sallie Gardner running). George Eastman House, Rochester, NY. From: ARTstor, (accessed January 14, 2020).


Finding Books & Articles

Omni is your best tool for finding books, articles, and other published resources at Brock and 13 other universities. Learn how to use Omni here.

Select "Advanced Search" and then toggle down the "Resource Type" field to select a specific filter like "Articles" or "Books & eBooks."

Use Interlibrary Loan (RACER) to get resources from other universities.




Search in these online databases for scholarly articles and historical exhibition reviews.

Tip: include the phrase 'exhibition review' with another keyword like 'new york' to find relevant historical reviews.



Mapplethorpe, Robert. Jack Walls. 1982. Gelatin silver print, 38.5 × 38.8 cm (15.15  x 15.27 in). J. Paul Getty Museum, NY. From: J. Paul Getty Museum, (accessed January 16, 2020).

Finding Images

Explore these databases for specific photographs (e.g. View from the Window at Le Gras), or photographers (e.g. Man Ray).

Looking for Ideas? Explore These.

Available Online

Creating an Annotated Bibliography

Online resources to help you create a winning annotated bibliography:


Can I Use This Website in My Paper?

The C.R.A.A.P. Test

  1. Currency: Is the information up-to-date? When was it posted? Last updated?
  2. Relevance: Does it relate to your topic? Is it written at an appropriate level?
  3. Authority: Is the author qualified to write about this topic? Look for 'About' pages.
  4. Accuracy: Is the information reliable, error-free, and supported by evidence?
  5. Purpose: Is the information presented objectively? Is the author trying to sell, entertain, or persuade?

These criteria can help you evaluate any materials, not just websites.

(If "CRAAP" is too silly for you, try "PARCA".)


Chicago Style Guide

How to cite scholarly sources (books, articles, etc.)

Chicago Style Quick Guide

A great resource for most frequently used citations (eg. Book with one author, Article in an online journal).


How to cite images/ photographs:

Images must be cited with creator, title, and date as available, but the nature of these sources requires that you also provide medium, dimensions, physical location, and where the image was accessed (book/ website):


Footnote/ endnote: 3. Firstname Lastname, Title, date, medium, height × width × depth (unit conversion), physical location, accessed from book/ website (date accessed, if website).

Bibliography/ references: Lastname, Firstname. Title. Date. Medium, height × width × depth (unit conversion). Physical location. Accessed from book/ website (date accessed, if website).



Rogier van der Weyden, Saint Catherine of Alexandria. 1430-1432, Diptych panel, 18.5 x 12 cm. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria. Available from: ARTstor, (accessed September 30. 2009).

Caravaggio, The Denial of Saint Peter. Early 15th century. Oil on canvas, 94 x 125.4 cm. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. From: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, (accessed September 29, 2009).

Alice Neel, Nancy and the Rubber Plant. 1975, Oil on canvas, 203.2 x 91.4 cm. The Estate of Alice Neel. From: Alice Neel. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000. Plate 64.


See the Purdue Online Writing Lab for more details.



Sanchez, Carlos, Jason Sanchez. 8 Years Old. 2010. Chromogenic print. 61 × 86 cm (24 × 33 7/8 in.). J. Paul Getty Museum, NY. From: The J. Paul Getty Museum, (accessed January, 21, 2020).