For Global Companies (located anywhere in the world):
Public companies are companies that issue shares and are traded on a stock exchange such as the Toronto Stock Exchange.
The following guide provides additional information on researching companies via their annual reports, financial statements, management information circulars and other securities filings:
Family businesses can be difficult to identify as most company directories and databases do not categorize companies by this characteristic. Therefore, you must rely on independent lists (typically produced as part of a larger research project) such as the ones listed below:
Most Management Proxy Circulars contain brief biographies of individuals nominated for positions on the Board of Directors. Current proxy circulars are usually available on company websites (look for the Investor Relations area). Older documents for companies may be found on official sites such as SEDAR or the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
Consult the following sources to obtain biographical information for individual board members or for key executives:
ESG, Sustainability, and other voluntary disclosures, data, and reports may be posted in the "Investor Relations" section of a public company's web site.
Relevant securities and corporate governance-related laws, rules, or regulations for public companies listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange can be found using these sources:
Relevant securities and corporate governance-related laws, rules, and regulations for public companies listed on a U.S. stock exchange such as NASDAQ or the NYSE can be found using these sources:
Most public companies have information about their corporate governance policies and guidelines in the Investor Relations area of their corporate websites. A number of organizations have developed policies and best practices documents on various issues related to corporate governance such as director compensation and proxy circular disclosure, and links to some of these documents appear below:
Omni is your key research tool for finding online books and book chapters on Corporate Governance and related topics. There are two options:
You can limit the results by Availability to Available Online and by Resource Type to Books & eBooks and Book Chapters using the filters on the left side of the screen beside the result list.
Here are a few examples of book chapters in the results list:
Finding academic research is an iterative process.