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Visual Arts

Introduction to Visual Culture

Lichtenstein, Roy (1923-1997). As I Opened Fire Poaster. 1966. Offset lithograph on white wove paper. 64 x 52.7 cm (25 3/16 x 20 3/4 inches) (each panel).  New York, USA. From: ARTstor, (accessed on January 28, 2020).


Finding Books & Articles

Omni is your best tool for finding books, articles, and other published resources at Brock and 13 other universities. Learn how to use Omni here.

Select "Advanced Search" and then toggle down the "Resource Type" field to select a specific filter like "Articles" or "Books & eBooks."

Use Interlibrary Loan (RACER) to get resources from other universities.



Search in these online databases for scholarly articles:


Looking for a place to start? Explore These.

Best Databases for Images

Explore these databases for photographs, illuminated manuscripts, paintings, sculpture, and much more.


Citing Images

How to cite scholarly sources (books, articles, etc.)

Chicago Style Quick Guide

A great resource for most frequently used citations (eg. Book with one author, Article in an online journal).


How to cite images/ photographs:

Images must be cited with creator, title, and date as available, but the nature of these sources requires that you also provide medium, dimensions, physical location, and where the image was accessed (book/ website):


Footnote/ endnote: 3. Firstname Lastname, Title, date, medium, height × width × depth (unit conversion), physical location, accessed from book/ website (date accessed, if website).

Bibliography/ references: Lastname, Firstname. Title. Date. Medium, height × width × depth (unit conversion). Physical location. Accessed from book/ website (date accessed, if website).



Rogier van der Weyden, Saint Catherine of Alexandria. 1430-1432, Diptych panel, 18.5 x 12 cm. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria. Available from: ARTstor, (accessed September 30. 2009).


Caravaggio, The Denial of Saint Peter. Early 15th century. Oil on canvas, 94 x 125.4 cm. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. From: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, (accessed September 29, 2009).


Alice Neel, Nancy and the Rubber Plant. 1975, Oil on canvas, 203.2 x 91.4 cm. The Estate of Alice Neel. From: Alice Neel. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000. Plate 64.


See the Purdue Online Writing Lab for more details.


Can I Use This Website in My Paper?

The C.R.A.A.P. Test

  1. Currency: Is the information up-to-date? When was it posted? Last updated?
  2. Relevance: Does it relate to your topic? Is it written at an appropriate level?
  3. Authority: Is the author qualified to write about this topic? Look for 'About' pages.
  4. Accuracy: Is the information reliable, error-free, and supported by evidence?
  5. Purpose: Is the information presented objectively? Is the author trying to sell, entertain, or persuade?

These criteria can help you evaluate any materials, not just websites.

(If "CRAAP" is too silly for you, try "PARCA".)