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ECON 2P10: United States Economic History

A guide to information sources for your term paper which includes tips on finding background information, books, articles, and statistics on your essay topic. There are also tips on evaluating sources, essay writing, and citing sources in APA Style.

APA Style Help

 

Why do we cite sources?

There are numerous reasons why such as:

  • to acknowledge and show respect for other scholar's contributions to the field
  • to justify and support for our own assertions or arguments
  • to compare, contrast, and evaluate the work of others
  • to enable readers to track down your sources and check the accuracy of your work
  • to avoid plagiarism

(Ridley, 2012, p. 119) 

When do you need to cite your sources?

It's easy: whenever you paraphrase the ideas of others, whenever you use a direct quotation, or whenever you cite a fact that isn't common knowledge, you need to cite your original sources, whether they are books, articles, or web site.

There are two elements to APA Style citations:

  • Reference citations in text: these are the citations that you include in the text of your paper.
    • For example: ... the Beckhams have built a strong family brand (Parmentier, 2011).
  • Reference List: this is the bibliography at the end of your paper. Each item that you cited in text must have a corresponding entry in the Reference List. For example:
    • Parmentier, M.A. (2011). When David met Victoria: forging a strong family brand. Family Business Review, 24(3), 217-232.

The keys to successfully citing your sources in APA style are:

  1. Keeping track of your sources (what they are and where you found them).
  2. Determining the type of document or source that you are citing (e.g. books, articles, web sites, etc.) so that you can find the correct format to follow.
  3. If you are not sure about 1 or 2, please consult the Help Desk in the Learning Commons for assistance.

APA Style Tutorials

The following additional resources provide assistance in citing sources according the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA):