Many fields require a large amount of reading in order to keep current, so it saves time if the material is all in the same "language" or format. Over time, most academic disciplines have settled upon a preferred citation style for writings.
The three most common citation styles at Brock University include APA, Chicago, and MLA styles. The sections below will introduce you to those styles and provide resources to help you master them. If you are unsure of which citation style to use, consult your professor.
APA Style is often used for writing in the fields of psychology, business, communications, nursing, history and social sciences. APA stands for the American Psychological Association.
The following resources provide assistance in citing sources according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition:
Chicago style citations are unique in that it includes two documentation systems. The first is known as the humanities (notes and bibliography) style and is more often used in the fields of arts and humanities. The second is the author-date system, used more often in the natural sciences.
Chicago Style Online Guides
Chicago Style Guide Book
Good research projects combine data from a variety of sources and carefully document the sources of information and ideas. Research documentation usually appears in two parts: short in-text citations occurring within the actual paper and a longer, complete list of works at the end of the paper called a bibliography, reference list, or works cited page.
Besides giving credit to the source of information or ideas, there are other great reasons to cite in your research project:
Note: a hyperlink or URL included in the text is not the same as a citation. Ex: "Higher gas prices are on the way (cnn.com/specialreport)." URLs in the text, while common on the internet, are not considered a correct form of scholarly citation.