Canada’s three federal granting agencies are now requiring research funded by NSERC, SSHRC or CIHR to be made openly available online under terms of a new Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications:
“The objective of this policy is to improve access to the results of Agency-funded research, and to increase the dissemination and exchange of research results. All researchers, regardless of funding support, are encouraged to adhere to this policy.”
This signifies that the government of Canada is endorsing Open Access as the default setting for Canadian research.
The policy, which came into effect May 1, 2015, requires grant recipients to ensure that any peer-reviewed journal articles resulting from their grant-funded research be made freely accessible within 12 months of publication via one of two routes:
The past decade has seen an explosive growth in the number of policies from funding agencies which require funded research to be made openly accessible. Nations with Open Access policies include Australia, China, the European Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. In addition, 158+ research funding bodies around the world require Open Access publication for grant recipients.
Registry of Open Access Mandates and Policies -- ROARMAP -- has documented this growth. Search for specific policies or browse its contents.
The UNESCO Global Open Access Portal also maintains a list of funder deposit mandates