Skip to Main Content

Systematic reviews, scoping reviews and other evidence syntheses

Overview of evidence synthesis reviews and relevant strategies, tools and resources.

Managing citations in evidence syntheses

You will be retrieving large numbers of citations - possibly hundreds - with your literature search.

It's crucial to store and organize these citations in a systematic way:

  • guidelines for systematic reviews and other evidence synthesis reviews require you to track:
    • the number of citations you retrieve
    • the number of duplicate citations you remove from the original pool
    • the number of citations at every stage of the screening process

Citation management software helps you to:

  • stay organized, with all your citations in one library
    • create collections according to specific topics or purposes
  • share the same pool of citations across the entire team of reviewers
  • track the numbers you need to report

The information below provides a good overview of how citation management software works and suggests some free options.

Note that some free citation managers may not be robust enough to handle a large evidence synthesis review or to perform well at removing duplicate citations. Covidence may be more effective for managing duplicate removal.

Citation Management Tools: An Introduction

Citation Management

This page highlights a few of the most popular citation management tools.  Many more free and paid tools may be found online. A more extensive list may be found here.