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Citing & Referencing

Citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers

Citing sources is important in academic writing and research and is a way of acknowledging a person's knowledge and expertise. Common citation styles are based on colonial systems that privilege Western knowledge over Indigenous oral traditions and ways of knowing. Although most citation styles do not have a format to acknowledge Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers as references, there are templates and guidelines that can assist in creating citations that reflect, respect, and honour Indigenous Knowledge.

Explore these links for guidelines and recommendations: